Eliot, George

(1819-1880)
   George Eliot, the pseudonym of Mary Ann or Marian Cross (formerly, Evans)-said to be one of the greatest novelists in England's history-was born in Warwickshire. Her father was overseer to Arbury Hall, the Newdigate family's seven thousand acre estate. Religious as a child, she underwent a crisis of faith, accelerated by her translation in 1846 of Life of Jesus, by Dr. David Friedrich Strauss (1835), in which he questioned the divinity of Jesus. After her father died in 1849, she became assistant editor for the London Westminster Review. She became a social outcast and was cut off by her family for living with George Henry Lewes (who was already married and remained so). Lewes encouraged Eliot to write and her first of many novels, Adam Bede, was published in 1859. She ceased writing when Lewes died in 1878. She married John Walter Cross, her financial adviser, in 1880, and died seven months later. She also wrote short stories and poems. Some of her poems: "Armgart," "Brother and Sister," "Roses," "Stradivarius," "The Choir Invisible," "The Death of Moses," "The Legend of Jubal," "The Spanish Gypsy," "Two Lovers."
   Sources: Collected Poems of George Eliot. Lucien Jenkins, ed. Skoob Books Publication Ltd., 1989. Dictionary of National Biography. Electronic Edition 1.1. Oxford University Press, 1997. Encyclopædia Britannica Ultimate Reference Suite DVD, 2006. The Columbia Granger's Index to Poetry. 11th ed. The Columbia Granger's World of Poetry, Columbia University Press, 2005 (http://www.columbiagrangers.org). The National Portrait Gallery (www.npg.org.uk). The Oxford Companion to English Literature. 6th edition. Margaret Drabble, ed. Oxford University Press, 2000. Westminster Abbey Official Guide (no date).

British and Irish poets. A biographical dictionary. . 2015.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ELIOT, GEORGE° — ELIOT, GEORGE°, pseudonym of Mary Ann Evans (1819–1880), English novelist. A Christian, George Eliot was a friend of the talmudic scholar emanuel deutsch , and began to study Hebrew and to show an interest in Jewish matters at an early age.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Eliot,George — Eliot, George. Pen name of Mary Ann Evans. 1819 1880. British writer whose novels, all in the 19th century realist tradition, include Adam Bede (1859), Silas Marner (1861), and her masterpiece, Middlemarch (1871 1872). * * * …   Universalium

  • Eliot, George — orig. Mary Ann Evans later Marian Evans born Nov. 22, 1819, Chilvers Coton, Warwickshire, Eng. died Dec. 22, 1880, London British novelist. Eliot was raised with a strong evangelical piety but broke with religious orthodoxy in her 20s. She worked …   Universalium

  • Eliot, George — ► (1819 80) Seudónimo de Mary Ann Evans, escritora británica. Su gran sensibilidad y vasta cultura se reflejan en su obra, de alto valor estético y humano. Autora de Mediados de marzo (1871 72). * * * orig. Mary Ann Evans post. Marian Evans (22… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • ELIOT, GEORGE —    the nom de plume of Mary Ann Evans, distinguished English novelist, born at Arbury, in Warwickshire; was bred on evangelical lines, but by and by lost faith in supernatural Christianity; began her literary career by a translation of Strauss s… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Eliot, George —  Pen name of Mary Ann (later Marian) Evans (1819–1880), English author …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Eliot, George — pseud. di Evans, Mary Ann …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Eliot, George —    see Evans, Mary Ann …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Eliot, George (Mary Ann Evans) — (1819–80)    English novelist. Born in War wickshire of a lower middle class family, Mary Evans, writing under the male pseudonym George Eliot, is regarded as a precursor of Zionism. She was already an established novelist, after Mill on the… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Warburton, Bartholomew Eliot George — (1810 1852)    Miscellaneous writer, b. in County Galway, travelled in the East, and pub. an account of his experiences, The Crescent and the Cross, which had remarkable success, brought out an historical work, Memoirs of Prince Rupert and the… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

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